Discussion forums

Sustainable landscapes: Food security and adapting to climate change

Time: 15:00 - 17:30 Day 2 | Nov 17



See the presentation on food security and adaptation by IFAD here

See the presentation on food security and adaptation by FAO here

Climate change is predicted to have negative impact on food production and food security in many regions. In the quest to satisfy increasing demand for food and livelihood, farmers will either expand cultivated land or encroach on forests in search of non-timber food leading to deforestation and higher emissions. In this scenario, climate change can affect the decisions of people regarding farms and the forest. The round table will discuss the current knowledge and the critical gaps that need to be filled to optimize landscape and ecosystem approaches to support the sustainable intensification of agricultural, forestry and aquaculture production systems and adapt and build resilience to climate change. In particular it will review how climate smart agriculture approaches can support small holders, increase food security and meet rural development objectives. The role of social protection programmes and safety nets mechanism in building resilience in the most vulnerable food

insecure population will also be addressed.

Key questions the forum will address

  1. What are the challenges for food security and livelihood under changing climate and how can landscape approach contribute to responding to these?
  2. How can investments be strategically targeted to enable smallholders to tackle climate change challenges within a landscape?
  3. What are the key landscape interventions which can support rural/agricultural development and what are the main barriers to allow adoption?
  4. Which enabling measures, including safety nets, can help the most vulnerable people to benefit from landscape approaches for climate change adaptation?

Background reading

    1. CCAFS CTA (2011) Farming’s climate-smart future: Placing agriculture at the heart of climate-change policy http://publications.cta.int/en/publications/publication/1662/
    2. FAO (2013) Climate-Smart Agriculture Sourcebook, available at www.fao.org/docrep/018/i3325e/i3325e.pdf
    3. FAO (2012) Mainstreaming climate-smart agriculture into a broader landscape approach available at  http://www.fao.org/docrep/016/ap402e/ap402e.pdf
    4. WFP. Different examples of the role of safety nets and social protection programmes in building resilience. http://www.wfp.org/search/apachesolr_search/social%20protection
    5. IFAD (2013). Smallholders, Food Security and the Environment available at  http://www.ifad.org/climate/resources/smallholders_report.pdf
    6. IFAD (2013). Increasing adaptive capacity through participatory mapping available at http://www.ifad.org/pub/map/pm_v.pdf

Contact details: Olu Ajayi: Ajayi@cta.int; Reuben Sessa: reuben.sessa@fao.org



  • Anthony Nyong

    Manager, Compliance and Safeguards Division, the African Development Bank.

  • Gernot Laganda

    Climate Change Adaptation Specialist at International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)  

  • Ishmael Daniso Sunga

    Chief Executive Officer of Southern African Confederation of Agricultural Unions (SACAU)

  • Richard Choularton

    Manager, climate change resilience innovations, United Nations World Food Programme

  • Thomas Hofer

    Team Leader, Watershed Management and Mountains Forestry Department, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and Coordinator, Mountain Partnership Secretariat


  • Michael Hailu

    Director of the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation, (CTA), a joint EU-ACP organization


  • Julia Wolff

    Natural Resources Office-Climate Change, Natural Resources Management and Environment  Department, FAO

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